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Brief description: 
Long-standing tensions between indigenous Dayak communities and immigrant Madurese led to a massacre of hundreds people and the displacement of more than 55,000. Along with the widespread persecution and violence, significant looting, arson, and destruction of property also occurred.

Time: 17 - 27 February 2001

Location: Sampit, prov. Central Kalimantan, kab. Kotawaringin Timur

Rights violated:

  • right to life
  • right to security

Victims: 391 (ICTJ) up to 500 (BBC) persons murdered, 55,000 (ICTJ) to 100,000 (BBC) persons displaced.

Chain of events: tensions had accumulated as a result of earlier transmigration programmes. Earlier violence erupted in West kalimantan in 1996 and 1999. Due to the decentralization process allocation of resources has been regulated provincially and the  Madurese, 21% of the total population, assumed control of most of the economy and industries.

Investigation: Komnas HAM conducted research

Prosecution: A civil claim initiated by civil society organisations has not been successful.

Reparation: none.

Remarks: Most Madurese migrants had left the area by April 2001.